Common Injuries

SHOULDER IMPINGEMENT
What is the injury?
Impingement involves a mechanical compression of the rotator cuff tendon, the subacromial bursa and the long head of biceps tendon. This can become a chronic inflammation condition that may result in weakening or even torn rotator cuff.

What are the symptoms?
Depending on the stage of injury symptoms include a painful arc between 60 and 120 degrees, muscle weakness and tenderness at the tendon insertions.

How can we treat this injury?
We will help to restore normal pain free movement of the shoulder by using massage and gentle mobilisation techniques. To restore strength in the rotator cuff muscles you will have to complete a specific rehabilitation program.

TENNIS ELBOW
What is the injury?
Tennis elbow or lateral epicondylitis is due to small tears to the tendons that attach forearm muscles to the arm bone at the elbow joint. This is usually caused by overuse of the wrist extensor muscles when gardening, DIY or playing tennis.

What are the symptoms?
Pain is experienced on the outside of the elbow and can radiate down the forearm that is worsened by grasping objects or cocking back the wrist.

How can we treat this injury?
Massage therapy and stretching will reduce the pain, and rehabilitation will strengthen the forearm muscles. It is also important to address what caused the injury so biomechanical corrections can be made to prevent re-injury in the future.

LOWER BACK PAIN
What is the injury?
Many things can cause lower back injury, such as muscle strain or spasm, ligament sprains, nerve impingement, joint problems or a prolapsed disk. It is usually caused by lifting heavy objects or any other heavy manual work or postural related.

What are the symptoms?
The type, location and severity of lower back pain depend upon what is causing it. For example if pain is felt along the back of the leg it is more likely to be due to pressure on the nerve than to a muscle problem.

How can we treat this injury?
There are many ways to help reduce lower back pain depending on what is causing it. To prevent re-injury in the future it is important to strengthen both the deep core muscles and the global muscles to give the spine a support sling.

PATELLAFEMORAL PAIN SYNDROME (PFPS)
What is the injury?
PFPS is a term used to describe pain on and around the kneecap. Pain is caused from the abnormal movement of the kneecap on the thigh bone during bending of the knee joint. This can eventually lead to structural damage to the cartilage underneath the kneecap.

What are the symptoms?
The onset of pain will be gradual, and worsen the longer it is left untreated. Pain can occur at the front, around and under the kneecap, and is aggravated by walking up and down stairs and by sitting for prolonged periods.

How can we treat this injury?
It is important to correct the abnormal movement occurring to help realign the kneecap. Common abnormalities include foot over pronation and pelvis instability.

ANKLE SPRAIN
What is the injury?
Ligaments are injured when a greater than normal force is applied to them. This happens in the ankle when the foot turns inward with force.

What are the symptoms?
The ankle joint can be swollen, bruised, have limited movement, be hot and painful. The severity of the symptoms will be a guideline to how much damage has been done.

How can we treat this injury?
Treatment can help reduce pain, restore normal movement and alignment, strength and proprioception. If untreated however the ankle will not heal properly and there is a high chance of re-injury.

 

 


Located @
Back on Track Fitness Studio and Sports Injury Clinic
72 Wilbury Way
Hitchin
Hertfordshire
SG4 0TP

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